The use of innovative tools, including AI, has the potential to bring benefits to the work of law enforcement. AI systems can, for example, improve the detection of crime more efficiently through processing and analysing data at scale. However, AI is human-made, human-fed and human-driven and as such, it always brings degrees of risk related to a wide range of fundamental rights. These risks include, but are not limited to, the right to a private life and data protection, non-discrimination and access to an effective remedy. These risks are especially relevant in law enforcement where decisions can have a significant impact on people’s lives. On the basis of three concrete projects, the panel is going to discuss how law enforcement authorities can manage such risks in practice.
Panel opening: Michael O'Flaherty, FRA Director (pre-recorded)
Rapid technological developments impact EU security by creating new threats and technology-related crimes committed in physical and digital environments. The law enforcement community requires new tools to tackle these challenges, including access to technological instruments and knowledge.
This session will showcase several projects applying Artificial Intelligence and Big Data technologies to support the Member States in reaching full situational awareness in the drugs and border management areas.
In addition, the panel of experts will debate the role of innovative monitoring and surveillance tools in enhancing the decision-making and reaction capabilities of the security authorities, as well as challenges, opportunities, and risks for the implementation and uptake of new tools.
Panel opening: Paul Griffiths, EMCDDA Scientific Director
Moderator: Prof. Théodore Christakis, Université Grenoble Alpes
Criminals already embraced the new technologies and all the advantages offered by the online environment, therefore, the availability of cutting edge investigation tools is key for law enforcement and internal security actors. In almost each type of crime, we have nowadays a technological component and we need to be able to adapt to this new environment. While there is a dynamic environment of research and innovation with many projects aiming at developing such tools, it is often challenging to introduce the results into everyday law enforcement practice. Panellists will present their views and good practices on how to fill this gap between the researcher and the end-user via technology sharing, training, product customization and alike.
Panel opening: Mailis Pukonen, CEPOL Head of Operations Department
The panel discussion will address accountability in internal security from a practical perspective. The main focus will be on justice and law enforcement and the opportunities and risks of digitalisation and Artificial Intelligence in these fields. Special attention will be given to responsible and accountable ways of technology implementation and the effective protection of fundamental rights. The panelists will also discuss how digitalisation and AI may change the justice, law enforcement, and border management in the medium and long term.
Panel opening: Luca Tagliaretti, eu-LISA Deputy Executive Director
Mailis Pukonen, CEPOL Head of Operations Department
Javier Quesada, FRONTEX Director Capacity Building a.i.
Luca Tagliaretti, eu-LISA Deputy Executive Director
Paul Griffiths, EMCDDA Scientific Director
Grégory Mounier, Europol Innovation Lab, Head of EU Innovation Hub TeamModerator: Nicolas Bessot, DG HOME, co-chair Steering Group